Appendix D. List of Acronyms

270/271 – ASC X12N 270/271 Health Care Eligibility Benefit Inquiry and Response Standards

278 – ASC X12N 278 Health Care Services Review Standard

ADE – Adverse Drug Event

AHRQ – Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

ANSI – American National Standards Institute

ASC X12 – Accredited Standards Committee X12

ASC X12N – Insurance Subcommittee of ASC X12

ASTM – ASTM International

CCR – Continuity of Care Record

CDS – Clinical Decision Support

CHI – Consolidated Health Informatics Initiative

DEA – Drug Enforcement Administration

DKB – Drug Knowledge Base

DOD – Department of Defense

DSMO – Designated Standards Maintenance Organization

DUR – Drug Utilization Review

EDI – Electronic Data Interchange

EHR – Electronic Health Record)

FDA – Food and Drug Administration

HIPAA – Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996

HL7 – Health Level Seven

ISMP – Institute for Safe Medication Practices

MMA – Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003

NDC – National Drug Code

NLM – National Library of Medicine

NHII – National Health Information Infrastructure

NCPDP – National Council for Prescription Drug Programs

NDF-RT – National Drug File-Reference Terminology

NPI – National Provider Identifier

NPS – National Provider System

PBM – Pharmacy Benefits Manager

PMRI – Patient Medical Record Information

PHR – Personal Health Record

PMS – Practice Management System

POC – Point of Care

SDO – Standards Development Organization

SIG – Patient instructions (from  L. signatura)

SPL – Structured Product Label

UMLS – Unified Medical Language System

USP – United States Pharmacopoeia

VA – Department of Veterans Affairs